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Do we have a heard mentality?

Monday, December 03, 2018
By Geri Lynn Baumblatt & Chris Heddon

By Geri Lynn Baumblatt & Chris Heddon

 

With all the efforts to communicate better with patients— do you ever wonder if they can hear you? Not metaphorically, but literally.

 

Hearing is a baseline essential for engaging in care and navigating the healthcare system, but how often do we take it for granted that patients can hear what we say?

 

Only about 15% of people who need hearing aids have them. We also tend to assume hearing is only an issue for seniors. But over 60% of people with hearing loss are under age 65. And while cost is an issue, so is diagnosis and awareness of the other problems it contributes to.

 

Right now, many people nod along and didn’t quite hear what you said about their medication or follow-up care. They’re embarrassed. Or they think they understood enough and want to move the conversation along, especially if they know you’re pressed for time.

 

 

 

Picking Up on Signs of Hearing Loss

The exam room is usually quiet, so in that setting it may be hard to pick up on hearing loss that isn’t profound. Some clues:

  • Are they having issues with balance and falls? People with a mild (25-decibel) hearing loss are 3 times more likely to have a history of falling. And every10-decibel loss increased the chances of falling by 1.4 fold. So addressing hearing can be a 2-for and map help prevent falls. (Lin, et al, 2012)
  • Do they have trouble hearing you when you’re facing away from them? Even if they can’t lip read, people often supplement auditory information with visual clues.
  • Do they ask fewer questions? They may stop asking if they won't be able to make out the answer.
  • Do they seem less social or more withdrawn? People often stop going to social gatherings and restaurants when they can’t hear well enough to follow or join conversations.

It’s no wonder hearing loss is associated with social isolation in older adults, which also contributes to health problems. Untreated hearing loss is also associated with cognitive decline and diseases of isolation, so higher rates of depression, anxiety, and other psychosocial disorders.

 

With the health risks piling up, why isn’t screening more common?

 

One issue is recognition. Too many seniors and families may see it as “just part of aging.” But there’s also social stigma. People are both embarrassed they may have a disability, and they’re often in denial as a result. It often takes 7 to 10 years from the time that someone first realizes that they have hearing loss to the time that they first get a hearing aid.

 

Helping people adapt to hearing aids

 

Once people get diagnosed and fitted for hearing aids, there are still challenges. Even though hearing aids are now smaller and less noticeable, people still need to adapt to them. It’s important to encourage people to wear them every day for a month. This helps people get used to a new and more “digital” hearing experience. And it gives their brain a chance to remodel around this new information input. Unfortunately, many hearing aids end up in a dresser drawer or returned because people don’t give their brain a chance to acclimate. So follow-up to find out if they’re being used.

 

Only when people can hear well can they be part of the conversation.

 

For more, also check out this brief interview about best practices when talking to someone with hearing loss.

 

 

Chris Heddon, DO is a physician-entrepreneur. He began his career as an anesthesiologist. After years of progressive hearing loss, he left medicine to found Resonance Medical, which developed a clinically validated, artificially intelligent, mobile-based hearing test that was sold to a hearing aid manufacturer in November 2018. @hearresonance



Geri Lynn Baumblatt MA, For the last 20 years, Geri has worked to help people understand health conditions and procedures, orient them to their diagnoses, make more informed decisions about their care, and partner with their care teams.  She oversaw the creation of the Emmi program library, and she regularly speaks and serves on patient engagement, patient experience, health literacy, shared decision making, health design, family caregiving, and heath communication panels for organizations like AHRQ, the Brookings Institute, Stanford Medicine X, and the Center for Plain Language. She serves on the editorial board for the Journal of Patient Experience, is on the board of the Society for Participatory Medicine, and published a chapter in Transformative Healthcare Practice through Patient Engagement (IGI Global). She currently consults on patient engagement, family caregiving, and health communication. Follow her on Twitter @GeriLynn


Tags: patient engagement, communication, doctor's appointment, experience, listening
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